Ash, deciduous tree native to Europe. An ash tree can grow over forty meters tall and be two to three centuries old.
Also known as:
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Leaf and bark are toxic to ruminants (cows, horses, goats, etc.).
Ash – (Fraxinus excelsior), deciduous tree in the olive family (Oleaceae), native to Europe. An ash tree can grow over forty meters tall and reach two to three centuries of age. Ash trees lose their leaves in the fall. Ash fruits have “helicopter seeds” which helps with wind dispersal.
Ash trees can be pollarded just like willows.
Since the end of the last century, ash trees have been affected by a fungus that causes Ash die
In addition to the “common” ash (Fraxinus excelsior), there are the Narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) and the Black ash (Fraxinus nigra).
Holes in leaves scattered throughout the shrub: the larvae (caterpillars) of the privet hawk moth (Sphinx ligustri).
Fungi & diseases
Dark discoloration of the bark at the beginning of the branches and leaves. Beneath the bark, the wood is dead. Branches die – starting at the take end; eventually the entire tree dies: ash dieback.